The Living Cosmos of Jainism: A Traditional Science Grounded in Environmental Ethics
Daedalus Journal Special Issue Religion and Ecology:
Can the Climate Change?
Written by Christopher Key Chapple
In the Aristotelian System of defining life, animals are grouped into genus and species. According to Aristotle, “Of animals, some resemble one another in all their parts, while others have parts wherein they differ. . . . By ‘genus’ I mean, for instance, Bird or Fish; for each of these is subject to difference in respect of its genus, and there are many species of fishes and of birds.”1 For several hundred pages, Aristotle goes on to describe the many particular varieties of animals, providing an encyclopedic collection of information.
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